Sadhana Indian Actress BiographySource(google.com.pk)
Sadhana Shivdasani (born 2 September 1941), better known mononymously as Sadhana, is an Indian actress who was one of the top stars in the 1960s and the early 1970s. Beside becoming the fashion icon for young Indian girls with her specific hair style, still known as "Sadhana cut", she became famous as Mystery Girl with her three suspense thriller films namely Woh Kaun Thi? (1964), Mera Saaya (1966) and Anita (1967), all directed by Raj Khosla.
Sadhana was nominated for prestigious Filmfare Award for Best Actress for film Woh Kaun Thi? and Waqt in 1965 and 1966. She retired from films in the mid-1970s after also directing and co-producing a few films.Early Life
Born in a Sindhi family in Karachi, British India, Shivdasani was named after her father's favorite actress-dancer Sadhana Bose. Her father was the brother of actor Hari Shivdasani. Sadhana is a cousin of the actress Babita, who is the daughter of actor Hari Shivdasani and mother of actresses Karisma Kapoor & Kareena Kapoor.
The family fled from Karachi during the post-Partition riots and settled in Bombay. Her mother home-schooled her until she was 8 years old and she later on did her schooling from Auxilium Convent, Wadala and further education from Jai Hind College.
Sadhana aspired to be an actress from childhood. Her father helped her enter films. In 1955 she played a chorus girl in the song "Mur mur ke na dekh mur mur ke" in Raj Kapoor's Shree 420. When she was 15 years old, she was discovered by some producers who had seen her act in a college play. They cast her in India's first Sindhi film titled Abana (1958), where she played the role of actress Sheila Ramani's younger sister. She was paid a token amount of 1 rupee. A photograph of her publicizing the film appeared in a movie magazine Screen. It was then that Sashadhar Mukherjee, one of cinema's major producers at that time, noticed her. She joined Mukherjee's acting school along with her debutant co-star Joy Mukherjee, who is Sashadhar’s son. R. K. Nayyar, who had previously worked as assistant director on few films, directed this film. He also created her trademark look called Sadhana cut inspired from Hollywood actress Audrey Hepburn. The Filmalaya Production banner thus introduced Joy, Sadhana and her iconic hairstyle Sadhana cut in their 1960's romantic film Love in Simla. The film was declared a hit at the box office and was listed in the top 10 films of 1960. Shivdasani played the role of a simple, bespectacled girl who is transformed by her grandmother into a beautiful young woman and encouraged to pursue the hero. In the film, Shivdasani wins a beauty contest and is awarded a three-year film contract with Filmalaya, which was the case in real life too. During this period she would again work under the same banner opposite Joy Mukherjee in Ek Musafir Ek Haseena.
Alongside Love in Simla, Shivdasani was signed by acclaimed director Bimal Roy for his satirical film on Indian democracy, Parakh. She portrayed a simple village girl's role in this multi-award-winning film. In 1961's other hit film Hum Dono she played the love interest of Dev Anand. This black-and-white film was colourized and re-released in 2011. Rediff.com in the film's review writes about Shivadasani; "Her eyes, expressive and captivating, do most of the work, while she balances out her submissiveness with a firm tongue." The Rafi – Asha duet "Abhi Na Jaao Chodkar" remains evergreen. In 1962, she was again paired with Dev Anand in Asli-Naqli by director Hrishikesh Mukherjee. The same year saw director-screenwriter Raj Khosla casting her opposite Joy Mukheerjee in his musical film Ek Musafir Ek Hasina. In future, Khosla would pair with Shivdasani to make their famous suspense thriller trilogy.
In 1963, Shivdasani played her first role in a technicolour film Mere Mehboob directed by H.S.Rawail. The film was the "Blockbuster" film of 1963 and ranked in the top 5 films of the 1960s. The scene where Rajendra Kumar encounters Shivdasani for the first time and sees her eyes through her burqa stands as one of the most remarkable scenes of Hindi film industry. Notable actor Danny Denzongpa describes the visage of Sadhana in a burqa with just her eyes visible as "unforgettable."
Shivdasani in 1964 played her remarkable double role in the first of the suspense-thriller trilogy, Woh Kaun Thi?. This white-sari-clad performance opposite Manoj Kumar earned her first Filmfare nomination as Best Actress. Through this role she got to be part of Lata Mangeshkar – Madan Mohan’s all time classics like "Naina Barse" and "Lag Ja Gale". Rediff.com in their review of the film called her a show-stopper "with an intriguing Mona Lisa-like smile". The film was a box office "Hit". Raj Khosla cast her in two more mystery films, Mera Saaya (1966) and Anita (1967) thus making her famous as the "Mystery girl". Mera Saaya, a box office "Super Hit" courtroom drama film again saw her playing a double role, now opposite Sunil Dutt. The song "Jhumka Gira Re" sung by Asha Bhosle and composed by Madan Mohan saw Shivdasani perform dance steps choreographed by Saroj Khan. Khan was then an assistant to dance director Sohanlal. The song became so popular that excited audience in cinema halls used to throw coins at the screen. The film also had other classic songs "Naino Mein Badara Chhaye" and the haunting theme song "Tu Jaha Jaha Chalega, Mera Saaya Sath Hoga", both voiced by Lata Mangeshkar.
The second Filmfare nomination as Best Actress came to Shivdasani for the role of Meena in Yash Chopra directorial saga Waqt (1965). Shivdasani stood out in Bollywood’s first ever ensemble cast by bringing along the fashion of tight chudidar-kurtas. The film proved to be 1965’s "Blockbuster".
Sadhana (first from right) with Helen, Waheeda Rehman and Nanda in 2010
Sadhana had a health problem with her thyroid, which she got treated at a hospital in Boston in the US. After returning from the US, she starred in the successful movies Intaquam (1969), Ek Phool Do Mali (1969), and Geeta Mera Naam (1974), which she also directed.
In Intaquam she played the role of a woman who allures the son of her own boss who cheated her to be put behind the bars for a crime which she did not commit, for revenge.
After that, she retired from acting as she did not want to be cast as a side-actress or do character roles. Later, she and her husband formed a production company. She also directed a movie starring Dimple Kapadia in 1989.
Sadhana married her Love in Simla director Ram Krishna Nayyar on 7 March 1966. Their love blossomed on the film set. But as she was very young then, her parents opposed it. She was married to him for nearly thirty years, till his death in 1995 from asthma. She has no children. She suffered from a disorder of her eyes due to hyperthyroidism and got treatment for the same in Boston. She returned to films and made a success of Intaqam, Ek Phool Do Mali, Aap Aaye Bahaar Ayee, etc. But after her retirement, she chooses to remain far from the film industry and has never made a comeback. She also refuses to be photographed simply because she wants to be remembered the way she was. Living in Santacruz, Mumbai, she is a tenant in an apartment building owned by singer Asha Bhosle.
Shivdasani in a chudidar-kurta from film Arzoo, the Bollywood style of 1960s and 70s for which she is credited.
Sadhana Shivdasani introduced the fringe hairstlye in Indian film industry in her first film Love in Simla. Nayyar, her husband and director of the film, suggested the fringe style in order to make her forehead look narrow. Shivdasani says, "They tried to stick a strip near the hair-line, but it didn’t work out." Nayyar then suggested she go for the fringe style as was then practiced by the Hollywood actress Audrey Hepburn. The fringe soon became popular and a fashion fad in 1960s. The style was copied by girls in India and is still known by the same name. This look suited the role of naughty, pretty, glamourous Sonia that she played. But when Shivdasani went on the shoot for Bimal Roy's Parakh, Roy was disappointed to see her modern look. She had to stick her fringe back in order to match the simple village girl she played here. In 1963, when signed to play a role of simple Muslim girl from Aligarh in Mere Mehboob, Shivdasani undid her famous "Sadhana Cut" to fit the bill. She went in plain plait look with centre-parting her hair; which was immediately discarded by the director H.S. Rawail. He said that the audience wanted to see her signature "Sadhana cut" and demanded it. Recently, the Bollywood actress Deepika Padukone sported the same fringe in her films Om Shanti Om (2007) and Chandni Chowk To China (2009).
Shivdasani is also credited for bringing in fashion tight chudidar-kurta. She went with this concept of gracefully changing the traditional loose salwar kameez to her director Yash Chopra for 1965's film Waqt. Chopra felt insecure and thought that it would not be accepted. But Shivdasani with the help of her fashion designer Bhanu Athaiya showed him a sample, which he agreed to. The trend lasted well in the 1970s and can be seen to be adopted by many actresses. Lately, in a song sequence of "Phir Milenge Chalte Chalte" for the film Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi (2008), actress Bipasha Basu dressed herself in a white chudidar-kurta and also frolicked with the famous fringe as a tribute to Sadhana.
Despite the fact that many of Shivdasani's films fared very well at the box office, she did not receive any of the leading awards of the film industry. She was nominated for the Filmfare Award in Best Actress category for her roles in Woh Kaun Thi? and Waqt. For her contribution towards the film industry, she was awarded with a Lifetime Achievement Award by the International Indian Film Academy (IIFA) in 2002.
Year Movie Role Note
1955 Shree 420 Chorus girl Cameo role in the song "Mur mur ke na dekh mur mur ke"
1958 Abana First Sindhi film
1960 Love in Simla Sonia
1960 Parakh Seema
1961 Hum Dono Mita
1962 Prem Patra Kavita Kapoor
1962 Man-Mauji Rani
1962 Ek Musafir Ek Hasina Asha
1962 Asli-Naqli Renu
1963 Mere Mehboob Husna Banu Changezi
1964 Woh Kaun Thi? Sandhya / Seema Nominated: Filmfare Award for Best Actress
1964 Rajkumar Princess Sangeeta
1964 Dulha Dulhan Rekha / Chanda
1965 Waqt Meena Mittal Nominated: Filmfare Award for Best Actress
1965 Arzoo Usha
1966 Mera Saaya Geeta / Nisha (Raina)
1966 Gaban Jalpa
1966 Budtameez Shanta
1967 Anita Anita
1968 Stree Oriya film
1969 Sachaai Shobha Dayal
1969 Intaquam Reeta Mehra
1969 Ek Phool Do Mali Somna
1970 Ishq Par Zor Nahin Sushma Rai
1971 Aap Aye Bahaar Ayee Neena Bakshi
1972 Dil Daulat Duniya Roopa
1973 Hum Sab Chor Hain
1974 Geeta Mera Naam Kavita / Neeta / Geeta
1974 Chhote Sarkar
1975 Amaanat Suchitra
1978 Mehfil Shalini / Ratnabai
1988 Aakhri Nishchay
1994 Ulfat Ki Nayee Manzeelein Late release
^ a b Roshmila Bhattacharya (28 Aug 2011). "Sadhana’s fringe benefits from Audrey Hepburn". Mumbai: Hindustan Times. Retrieved 3 Feb 2012.
^ a b c Punita Bhatt (July 1991). "The Sadhana Mystique". Filmfare. Retrieved 3 Feb 2012.
^ a b c d e Chandrika Bhattacharya (1990). "Interview in Movie Magazine". Movie Magazine. Retrieved 3 Feb 2012.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Dinesh Raheja. "Sadhana's Song". Rediff.com. Retrieved 2 Feb 2012.
^ a b "Sadhana". Upperstall. Retrieved 3 Feb 2012.
^ a b c d Rajiv Vijayakar (4 Mar 2011). "That Iconic Touch". Mumbai: Indian Express. Retrieved 2 Feb 2012.
^ "Box Office 1960". Boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 3 Feb 2012.
^ Dinesh Raheja. "Love in Simla: Grin fairytale". Rediff.com. Retrieved 6 Feb 2012.
^ "Box Office 1961". Boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 3 Feb 2012.
^ Raja Sen (4 Feb 2011). "Hum Dono review: absolute must-watch". Mumbai: Rediff.com. Retrieved 3 Feb 2011.
^ "Box Office 1963". Boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 3 Feb 2012.
^ "Top Earners 1960-1969". Boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 3 Feb 2012.
^ Dinesh Raheja (28 Feb 2003). "The imaginative mystery of Woh Kaun Thi". Rediff.com. Retrieved 6 Feb 2012.
^ "Box Office 1964". Boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 6 Feb 2012.
^ "Box Office 1964". Boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 6 Feb 2012.
^ a b Dinesh Raheja. "Mera Saaya: A Compelling Conundrum". Rediff.com. Retrieved 6 feb 20122.
^ Dinesh Raheja. "Waqt: Where time stands still". Rediff.com. Retrieved 6 Feb 2012.
^ "Box Office 1965". Boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 6 feb 2012.
^ "Box Office 1969". Boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 6 feb 2012.
^ a b Das Gupta, Ranjan (5 Sept 2008). "Sadhna worked wonders". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 3 Feb 2012.
^ Deeptiman Tiwary (13 Aug 2012). "Builder threatened to kill me: Sadhana". Times of India. Retrieved 3 Feb 2012.
^ a b Stella Bruzzi, Pamela Church Gibson (2000). Fashion cultures: Theories, explorations, and analysis. Routledge. p. 188. ISBN 0-415-20685-5.
^ Rachel Dwyer, Divia Patel (2002). Cinema India: the visual culture of Hindi film. Reaktion Books. p. 97.
^ Priscilla Corner (4 Apr 2011). "Mirror Mirror". The Telegraph India. Retrieved 5 Feb 2012.
^ Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 523. ISBN 81-7991-066-0.
^ Subhash K Jha (15 Jan 2009). "I'm not going to risk my life for any film". Mumbai: Hindustan Times. Retrieved 6 Feb 2012.
^ "Showcase: IIFA 2002 Malaysia". IIFA. Retrieved 14 Feb 2012.
^ "Awards of the International Indian Film Academy (2002)". IMDB. Retrieved 3Feb 2012.Sadhana was born in 1941 and named after her father's favorite actress Sadhona Bose. Her father and actor Hari Shivdasani were brothers, and Hari's daughter is actress Babita Kapoor. Sadhana was an only child and her parents made her the center of their lives; in fact, her mother home-schooled her until she was 8 years old. The family fled from Karachi in Pakistan during Post Partition riots. Although they encountered difficult times, their daughter was allowed to see as many as two films a week. When she was 15 years old, she was discovered by some producers who had seen her act in a college play. They cast her in India's first Sindhi film titled Abana (1960), where she played the heroine's younger sister for which she was paid a token of Rps. 1 and the film became a major hit. A photograph of her publicizing the film appeared in a movie magazine. Subodh Mukherji, one of India's leading producers at that time, saw the magazine and gave her the lead role in her first Hindi film Love in Simla (1959), opposite his newcomer son, Joy Mukherjee. The film was directed by another newcomer, R.K. Nayyar, who created her trademark look called 'the Sadhana fringe.' It was modeled after Audrey Hepburn's hairstyle to cover up Sadhana's flaw, her broad forehead. The film became a great success and Sadhana became a overnight star. She also fell in love with the film's director, but she was only 16 years old, and her parents threatened the 22-year-old Nayyar with legal action if he didn't end the relationship. He became scared and backed away.
Sadhana continued making films and became the one of the biggest stars of the 1960s with hits like Parakh, Man-Mauji, Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai, Mere Mehboob, Hum Dono, Asli-Naqli, Ek Musafir Ek Hasina from 1960-62. In addition to the 'Sadhana fringe,' she started the trend of the churidar pyjama and kameez with saleem shai in the film Waqt (1965). Her acting in that film was appreciated too, as she was nominated for a Film Fare Award as Best Actress.
Sadhana had stated that she subconsciously modeled her acting style after her idol, Nutan. Most of her films were major hits, and many of them still remembered as all time classics. Her films such as Ek Musafir Ek Hasina, Raaj Kumar, Budtameez and Arzoo were known for their romantic plots and beautiful music, but Raj Khosla, her director in Ek Musafir Ek Hasina, saw an enigmatic, mysterious side to Sadhana and cast her in Woh Kaun Thi (1964).The film became a huge hit with its themes of the Alfred Hitchcock film Vertigo (1958) and gave Sadhana her signature role of the "mystery girl," where her performance kept everyone guessing till the very end. She was nominated for a Film Fare Award as Best Actress, and later in the genre of mystery suspense thriller Khosla directed her in two more box-office hit suspense thrillers, Mera Saaya (1965)and Anita (1968).
Sadhana also worked well with her leading men, Shammi Kapoor, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar, and Raj Kapoor. Raj Kapoor reintroduced her to her first film director, R.K. Nayyar. They fell in love again and wanted to get married. Her mother was against it, since Nayyar wasn't a Sindhi and wanted someone who looked like actor Rajendra Kumar, but Sadhana was adamant and with her father backing her up, her mother eventually came around. Sadhana and Nayyar married in 1966 and it seemed like she retired from films. At first, she was content to be a housewife and took cooking lessons and became well-known in the film industry for her culinary skills. But she had serious health problems with her thyroid, and she went to Boston for treatment and she recovered. She did one Oriya film in 1968 - Stree which became a commercial success.Her husband's financial problems propelled her return to films after a two-year absence and delivered the hit film Inteqam (1969)directed by her husband followed by Ek Phool Do Mali (1969), Aap Aye Bahaar Ayee(1971), Dil Daulat Duniya (1972). She and Nayyar went through a difficult time when she suffered a miscarriage. Later they had no children. From 1960 to 1977, she starred in 30 Hindi films and of them except for Prem Patra, Picnic, Ishq Par Zor Nahin, Hum Sab Chor Hain, Chhote Sarkar,Amaanat and Gaban - rest of the 23 Hindi films were blockbusters. She directed and starred in her last film playing dual roles in Geeta Mera Naam (1974), which was a box office hit. She wanted to end her acting career in Hindi films just as she started, in a starring role as a young heroine. She didn't want to play supporting character roles as a old mother or a bhabhi (sister-in-law), so she retired as an actress and formed a production company with her husband. Their marriage lasted until his death in the 1990s. She has not remarried, quietly living the life of a widow. The real-life "mystery girl" rarely gives interviews and doesn't prefer to be photographed saying that she wants her fans to remember her as a young, beautiful, heroine. Today, Sadhana lives as an tenant in an apartment building owned by singer Asha Bhosle. She also meets regularly with friends but otherwise keeps a low profile.
IMDb Mini Biography By: Ramstep
R.K. Nayyar (1966 - 1995) (his death)
Short bangs/fringe haircut known as the "Sadhana cut"
Her hairstyle was a trend-setter during her time as a leading lady - called the "Sadhana cut". She is cousin of movie actress Babita (now Babita Kapoor).
She did several films with director Raj Khosla: "Ek Musafir Ek Hasina (1962), "Woh Kaun Thi" (1964), "Mera Saaya" (1966), "Anita" (1967), and an uncompleted film co-starring Dev Anand, titled "Sajan ki Galiyan."
Acted with Guru Dutt in the film "Picnic" which was left incomplete due to Dutt's untimely death in 1964.
Sadhana was highest paid actress along-with Vyjanthimala from 1963-67 and Sadhana with Nanda was 2nd highest paid Hindi actress from 1961-1962 and 3rd highest paid Hindi actress in 1969-1973 along-with Nanda.
On director Raj Khosla who directed her in the maximum number of films: "He had become a sort of family friend, and he knew my strengths and weaknesses as an actress. I felt comfortable working with him. We vibed well together."